Fiat Tempra

Fiat TempraThe Tempra was introduced in February 1990 as a replacement for the Regata, and was developed alongside the Alfa Romeo 155 and Lancia Dedra on the Tipo platform.

A conventional four door saloon and a five door estate were offered, the latter (known as the Station Wagon) arguably having the better styling. Inside, a digital dashboard was offered on some models, as in the Tipo. The engine range consisted of the following : 1372cc sohc (76bhp or, from 1992, 69bhp with injection and cat), 1581cc sohc (84bhp or 77bhp with injection and catalytic converter) and 1756cc dohc (109bhp or, from 1992, 105bhp with injection and cat) petrol units and 1929cc sohc normally aspirated (65bhp) and turbocharged (90bhp) diesel engines. Later in 1990 the 1995cc injected and catalysed unit with 113bhp was also offered, as was Fiat Tempra the 1929cc turbodiesel with EGR (80bhp).

1991 saw the addition of a four-speed automatic transmission to the 2.0ie, with switchable modes (normal or sport), whilst from 1992 the 2.0ie Station Wagon was also available with a full-time four-wheel-drive system, the latter also featuring ventilated discs at the front, solid discs at the rear and ABS.

The range was revised in 1993 when a new grille was adopted, alongside improvements to the passive safety such as side-impact bars, a strengthened floorpan and bulkhead and other improvements. More changes came a year later when the model naming system was changed, and a multi-point 1581cc sohc engine (with 90bhp) was introduced. Interior trim and equipment was improved and a drivers airbag and ABS appeared on some models.

Production ceased in 1996 when it was replaced by the Marea and Marea Station Wagon.

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Technical Details
Driveline longitudinal engine at front with front wheel drive (or permanent four wheel drive)
Engine 1371cc (80.5x67.4mm) sohc in-line 4-cyl with 76bhp @ 6,000rpm
1581cc (86.4x67.4mm) sohc in-line 4-cyl with 84bhp @ 5,800rpm (carburettor)
1581cc (86.4x67.4mm) sohc in-line 4-cyl with 90bhp @ 5,750rpm (injection)
1756cc (84x79.2mm) dohc in-line 4-cyl with 109bhp @ 6,000rpm (105bhp with cat)
1995cc (84x90mm) dohc in-line 4-cyl with 113bhp @ 5,750rpm
1929cc diesel sohc in-line 4-cyl with 65bhp @ 4,600rpm (turbocharged with 90bhp @ 4,100rpm)
Suspension front : MacPherson strut with telescopic dampers and coil springs plus anti-roll bar
rear : Independent with trailing arms, telescopic dampers and coil springs plus anti-roll bar
wheelbase : 2540mm
track (front/rear) : 1435mm/1415mm
Brakes front : discs (ventilated on some models)
rear : drums (discs on some models)
handbrake operating on the rear via cable
dual hydraulic circuit with servo assistance
ABS optional/standard on some models
Gearbox 5 speed manual
4 speed automatic optional on 2.0ie
CVT optional
Steering Rack and pinion with power assistance optional/standard on some models
Empty weight 1.4 : 1070kg; 1.6 : 1075kg
1.8ie cat : 1690kg; 2.0ie SW 4x4 : 1880kg

Here there are diagrams illustrating the structure of the Tempra saloon and Tempra Station Wagon.

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Fiat Tempra Station WagonAlmost all the parts of the Tempra are from the FIAT/Alfa/Lancia parts bin, and as such there is a multitude of options available.

There are three main areas to concentrate on, the engine (and transmission), the brakes and the suspension and then various other details. These three should be done together since they complement each other, not all of one and none of another !

1. The engine.

Before modifying the engine it is worthwhile filling it with a good quality synthetic oil and fitting new spark plugs. An engine oil additive may also be used.

The first improvements are relatively simple. The air filter can be replaced for an aftermarket item which will help the engine breathe more freely, the types which completely replace the airbox are best, and the exhaust can be replaced for one which will restrict the exit of the gases less. Replace the whole system, not just the back box.

For single cam engines:
Improving the fuelling is the biggest change without opening the engine. A pair of downdraught or sidedraught carburettors(about 40 in size) will provide adequate air-fuel mixture and should also improve the throttle response. An improved camshaft will also reap big benefits,especially when combined with the carburettors.

Fiat Tempra SWFor twin cam carburettored engines:
Again the approach of using a pair of twin carburettors and a camshaft is the best way to wring more power from these engines, after which work should centre on machining the cylinder head.

For fuel injected engines:
The most effective modification (short of engine rebuilds!) is probably to replace the electronic control unit (or 'chip'). A variety of these are available, but all should increase the power and improve the driveability. For Tempra's the number of 'off-the-shelf' units is limited, but it is possible to buy a unit which can be programmed to any car and this will fulfill the role nicely.

Other things to do should include fitting a cold air intake, a large diameter pipe (minimum 5cm) to provide air from outside the engine bay to the air filter. The exhaust manifold can also be lagged with thermal cloth or tape to keep the exhaust gases hotter (and thus reduce back pressure) and also to keep the underbonnet (and hence intake and fuel) temperatures lower.
The high tension leads can also be replaced with performance ones.

Further modifications require the machining of the cylinder headand/or cylinder block (which will not be dealt with here since it is not normally a DIY job) after which it may be worth fitting an oil cooler. If overheating is a problem due to the increased power output then a small hole can also be drilled through the plate in the thermostat.

Fiat Tempra SW 4x4 Regarding the transmission the main requirement is to uprate the clutch to handle the increase in power and torque achieved though the engine modifications. Friction plates can be purchased with improved materials and heavier duty pressure plates are also available. Whilst doing this it is worthwhile lightening the flywheel.

2. The brakes.

Initially it is relatively easy to replace the brake discs with drilled and grooved items, and the pads for a harder compound. The latter should not be too hard (ie no race pads on the road) or they will not function effectively at the normal 'road' operating temperatures. Stainless steel braided flexible hoses will improve the pedal feel and reduce the chance of damage whilst DoT5 fluid (not silicon) will increase the temperature at which it can operate effectively. If the brakes are getting too hot the dustguards can be removed and/or ducts fitted, taking air from behind the front bumper.

If more serious braking is required the next modification would be to increase the disc size. It is possible to use larger discs with a bracket allowing use of the production callipers, or alloy four pot callipers can be fitted.

In order to improve the balance of the car under braking it is desireable to be able to adjust the balance of braking from front to rear (and vice versa). This can be accomplished by fitting a bias valve in the line to the rear brakes, usually in a position so that it can be reached from the drivers seat.

3. The suspension.

The easiest improvement,and the one which will probably bring the single most noticeable change, is to replace the full set of dampers and springs. A variety of kits are available which include four matched dampers and springs. Top adjustable units are compromised, but are good for road and track day cars since it allows the suspension to be adjusted between these two, rather different, requirements. Coil over units add more adjustability and can be purchased outright, or can be made from standard dampers by welding a threaded sleeve to the standard tube.

There are then two other main suspension aims; to reduce the flexiblity in the suspension and to increase the stiffness of the car, Fiat Tempraboth of which aim at more accurate control of the wheel movement. To reduce the flexibility it is possible to fit nylon bushes instead of the normal production rubber items, or if perfection is desired the suspension can be fitted with metallic bearings (rose joints / rod ends). Spherical bearing top mounts can also be used. To stiffen the car it is most popular to fit strut braces. These can be fitted to the front and rear. For more extreme cases a rollcage can be fitted.....

Into this category also fall the choice of wheels and tyres. With an increase in power it can be necessary to fit larger tyres (thus requiring larger wheels) but the temptation to fit the biggest possible should be resisted. Consideration should be given to fitting a wider tyre on the front (since they provide traction and steering) but keeping the standard, or a wider but not as wide as the front, tyre at the rear. This will improve the balance of the car.

4. other things.

Other modifications worth considering include fitment of a shift light (and rev limiter if there is not one as standard), higher power bulbs in the headlights (if you are going to go faster you need to see further) and installation of a quicker steering rack.

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These cars are generally robust and reliability was never a major issue, although a few minor faults are more common.

The clutch slave cylinders have a tendency to leak, the climate control system can give problems and the electrics regarding the electronic dashboard and TDC sensor are known to be weak points.

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Buying / Selling

Now available at very low prices, the Tempra offers a lot of car for the price. The Station Wagon is especially good value - the design is more pleasant, and it has a huge load carrying capacity. The 2000 engined versions also offer a good turn of speed.

Some tips to do before selling : (they may seem obvious, but most people don't do them and thus are in a weaker bargaining position)

Tidy inside the car thoroughly : hoover the floor, empty all pockets, ashtrays (wash), glove compartment etc..., wipe the trim with a You can even get a bodykit for the Tempra !damp cloth, give the cockpit a good airing to get rid of any odours ! Reset the trip meter to 00000 - it is a pleasant (subconcious) surprise.

If the car has been standing give it a good run - this will clear out the engine (reduce exhaust smoke), put a shine on the brake discs and loosen up any joints that may otherwise make some noises.

'Back to black' products are very effective at temporarily restoring bumpers and trim. This makes a big difference to any car. Do it a week before you expect people to view the car, otherwise it may be a bit too obvious !

Jetwash under the car, especially under the engine and in the wheelarches. The prospective buyer may be an enthusiast, and this makes it easier for them to see what they want to check.

Obviously wash the car and clean the windows !

If you are going to buy a car always check the following :

The bodywork should not be a major issue, but check around just in case. The wheelarches, suspension and engine mounts, sills, door pillars, scuttle panel and the floor can be easily inspected. If a sunroof is fitted check around the edge. Check that there are no mismatching panels, large areas of discolouration or signs of fresh paint. Compare the paint colour in the engine bay with that of the exterior.

Check the main electrical functions - wipers, windows, lights etc... try putting the main beam and wipers on at the same time. Check the headlights for cracks.

Check the brake pedal does not go to the floor if pressed hard for a long time and check the gearchange for clean engagement.

The engine should be run up to temperature, check the exhaust for smoke (especially on the turbo models), the condition of the breather (look for mayonnaise), the condition of the oil filler cap (again white deposits can indicate a head gasket problem...) and the colour of the coolant (preferably not brown!). If the car has an oil pressure guage this should not drop below 1 bar at idle, and should be around 3 to 4 bar at speed. Listen to the noise of the engine, then depress the clutch and engage first gear. Whatever noise has disappeared was coming form the gearbox, what remains is from the engine. Check the condition of the engine oil using the dipstick. It should be a lovely golden -brown, darker is also ok but avoid the black stuff (except in dieels where this is the norm).

Check tyre wear, uneven patterns could imply a bent chassis.

Always take it for a test drive. Check that the car tracks in a straight line with no steering input. Find a large open area and complete several lock to lock turns (also in reverse), listening for any noises. Try the handbrake when moving - seized rear callipers will mean uneven braking or no braking.

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A Brazilian Tempra website (in Portuguese)

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Fiat Tempra Workshop Manual : buy it online here (in association with Amazon)
Fiat Tipo & Tempra : Repair Manual & Service Guide Porter, 1998

For more books on Fiats, see our Online Bookstore

Tempra comment form

Fiat Tempra Station Wagon Please send your comments on the Tempra, these will be added to this page for future visitors to read.
Please include your name (or a nickname) and your country. Thanks.

Your Comments

The Fiat Tempra it´s a great car. Here in Brazil we have the Tempra Stile Turbo, by Fiat. Simple the best. 220km/h, 165HP, 2.0, ABS, and the best performance in the South America, on the series cars. The Marea Turbo, by Fiat too, go to 227km/h, with 182HP. So, Tempra has the force. :)

I own a 1990 Fiat Tempra 1.4 and despite the niggly problems, I like it. I adore the exterior shape and the imposing dashboard design, housing the analogue dials (although there's a clock where the rev counter should be!). The best thing about the Tempra is that it isn't a like Cavalier or Sierra- it's a car for the slighly different at heart!

I picked up my 1992 Tempra for an absolute bargain price. These cars are so underrated - nobody seems to like big Fiats - but it's the best car I ever owned.

Fiat Tempra Station Wagon The only thing I can tell you about Fiat Tempra is this is one heck of a good car ;) We bought this TD Station Wagon for a reasonable sum of money but hey, this is baby is like a dream come true. Reliable, quiet, fantastic shape - you just don't want to get out the seat. I just wonder how did we manage our lives without it...

It's March 2001, I'm thinking of changing my Tempra 1.9TDSX Station Wagon (1994) for a more modern car (Ford Mondeo/Volvo V40 Estate) but the more I look the more I think my Tempra looks much nicer than any other estate on the road. It has it's faults but out on the road it's the coolest looking motor. I've had it 5 yrs and it takes me mountaining biking around the UK, my wife scuba diving and the family (2x kids) touring france every year - quality car and I've decided not to sell it. (Johnny H, UK)

My parents own a '95 Tempra Estate 1.8 SLX. It looks exactly the same as the red one you can see on the picture above. I fell in love with it when I saw the car standing in the showroom and now, when I finally got my driving licene, I love it even more. This car is so underrated that it seems like I 'm the only one driving it on our roads, and because you couldn't get the SLX version in Belgium (import from Italy) I 'm likely to be one of the very few people in Belgium who can sit behind the wheel of this unique piece of Italian craftsmanship. Solid performance, nice looking interior and gorgeous Latino styling make it a great car! You have to admit that it looks way better than any other estate on the road. I just hope my parents won't sell it. (Filip S, Belgium).

Tempra 1.6SW 1995 model : This car is economical,reliable and spacious,with decent performance but ithink the interior trim is flimsy and exterior panels are susceptible to dings and dents. overall though it is an underrated car that makes Astras and Escorts look poor. (Jaffa, UK)

I've had my Tempra SW 2.0 SX for about 18 months. At first I thought it looked unremarkable and was very suspicious of the Space Invaders wacky digital dash. But that didn't matter much to me as all I wanted was an estate at a good price. But it's really grown on me. It has niggling faults like rattly exhaust, clattering rear calipers, a fuse box prone to drop on your foot at embarrasing moments, electrics that do their own thing (when water leaks onto the fuse box) etc etc. This all adds up to a car with character that's really grown on me. The engine is sweet and goes like train. 120mph no problem. I'm pleased with it and I've come realise how rare this model is in the UK - so rare I end up waving at other Tempra SWs when I get to see them! (John, UK)

I had never thought much about Fiats in general, but that all changed when I bought my first own Fiat Tipo. It had it's notorious electrical problems but boy, was it grate to drive! Now I have a Tempra 1.6, model 1995 sedan and I like it even better! It has a feeling of a big car, it's terrific on the highway and on high speeds and ok in the city.The capacity of the trunk is worth noting also, it can take 2 childrens wagons side by side and as a family man that pleases me. I've owned it for over a year now, and I haven't had any problems with it. I think i've lost my soul to Fiats! I have already set my sights on the Marea, or perhaps the new astonishingly good looking Stilo. Thanks Italy for my car! (Jerry, Finland)

I have Tempra 1.6 S '94. Here in Poland those Fiats are not very popular. If you see it on the street you have 75% chances that it is a Taxi or Government vehicle. As a matter of fact I've bought mine at low price becouse it was imported for the government.But it is a great car. It is relatively cheap and rare. That matters becouse I don't have to worry that it will be stolen. And its big, so people give more respect.Oh, and becouse Tempras are considered to be cars of the gov. and mine looks just like one of them, I sometimes use that image when parking in the strict centre or speeding on the fast lane.Never have I been fined or stopped.But you can do it only when your body paint is Green Stone(2nd pic from the top). I've put inside quite good audio system(cd+amp+bass) and also I've instaled electric windows from Tipo and an refridgerator in the trunk (all on my own). It became a luxurious ;-) (Peter,Poland)

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Fiat Tempra cockpit

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